Glossary

Listed below are theVegetables/Ingredients/ terms used in Indian Recipes and their Indian names and pictures.
 
Vegetables
English Name Hindi Tamil Picture
Aubergine Bhaingon Kathirikkai Brinjal baby aubergine
 
Lentil,beans,spices and other terms
English Name Hindi Tamil Picture
Ajwain seeds Omam /ajwain seeds
Aniseed Sounff Perunjeerakam / Sombu Sounff
Asafoetida Hing Perungaayam Hing
Bay leaves Tez patha Kaintha vazhana ilai Bay leaves
Black pepper - Milagu peppercorn
Black gram Urddal Ulundam paruppu Urid dal
Biriyani Leaf - Biriyani Ilai Biriyani leaves
Butter milk Lassi Moru
Cashewnut Kaaju Munthiri paruppu Cashewnut
Cardamom Elaichi Elakkai Cardamom
Chicken Murgh Kozhi
Chickpeas Channa Konda kadala Channa
Cinnamon Dalchini Pattai Cinnamon
Cloves Lavang Krambu Lavang Clove
Coriander Dhaniya Kotha malli Coriander seeds
Cowpeas - - Cowpeas
Cumin Jeera Jeerakam Cumin
Curry leaves Kari patha Karu vaeppillai Curry leaves
Deep frying pan Kadai Porikkum satti kadai
Evapourated milk Khoya Khoya Khoya
Fenugreek Methi Vendhayam Fenugreek
Fish Machli Meen
Flour Maida Maida maavu Flour
Gram flour Besan Kadalai maavu Gram flour
Green gram Mung dal Paasi paruppu/ Pachai payar Mung dal
Jaggery gur Vellam Jaggery
Black chickpeas Kala Channa Karuppu kondakadalai Kala Channa
Black cumin seeds Kala jeera Karunjeeragam Kala jeera
Mustard seeds Kadugu Mustard seeds
Nutmeg Jhaipal Jathikkai Nutmeg
Poppy seeds Khas khas Kusa kusa Poppy seeds
Red chilli Mirchi kanja milagai/vara milagai Red chilli
Red kidney beans Rajma Pavala mochai Rajma
Red lentils Masoor dal Masoor paruppu Red lentils
Rice paraboiled Usna chaval Pulungal arisi Rice paraboiled
Rice raw Arva chaval Pachai arisi Rice raw
Saffron Kesar Kunguma poovu Saffron
Semolina Suji Ravai
Sesame seeds/Gingelly til Ellu Sesame seeds
Split bengal gram / Yellow lentils Toor dal/ arhar dal Thuvaram paruppu Toor dal
Split black gram Split urd dal Udacha ulundam paruppu Split urd dal
Split chick peas Channa dalKadalai paruppu Channa dal
Split roasted chickpeas Roasted channa dalPottu kadalai Roasted channa dal
Tamarind Imli Puli Tamarind
Turmeric Haldi Manjal Turmeric
Wholemeal flour Atta Kothumai maavu
Whole mung beans Mung beans Muzhu Passi paruppu Mung beans
Yoghurt / Curd Dahi Thayir Yoghurt